How to Write a Formal Lab Report

here’s a description of how to write a formal lab report this section the notes for this section have way more detail than the other notes in the previous section so make sure to check those out I’m gonna highlight some points that are contained in the lecture notes and try to explain them a little bit more for you now the first is background information whenever you’re conducting an experiment you want to do a little bit of research into what’s already been discovered about that particular experiment and you want to be able to explain that to anybody that’s going to read your report so when you’re doing background information you’re going to want to include citations as to where you’ve got that information and you’re going to end with your research question so in the experiment that we’ve been talking about this whole unit redbull and its effect on performance and a workout you might look into some research that’s already been conducted by the redbull company or by Health Organization’s into this and you may provide that information here with citations but you’re going to want to end with your research questions so that section should end with the research question to what extent does providing and participants with different amounts of read will impact their overall performance and a workout you’re also going to want to talk about the types of data you’re planning to collect you need to collect both quantitative numerical data and qualitative or observational data so quantitative data you’re going to maybe look at how far they run in a given amount of time and qualitative data you may look at how exhausted they seem or how energetic they seem this is numbers this is observations both need to be included in your experiment and you’re going to talk about these ahead of time say I plan to collect quantitative data in this manner I plan to collect qualitative data in this manner you’re going to need to make a prediction remember that the whole purpose of an experiment is to test an idea and so you’re going to have an idea of what what outcome you’re going to expect so you need to write a prediction based on what you think will happen you’re then going to sketch that out so you’re gonna a sketch graph just means it’s not actual data it’s simply what you believe will happen so we can talk more about how to do a sketch graph but just picture in your head you know a graph where you’re saying I think that as you increase Red Bull you’re going to increase performance that would be a test of the alternative hypothesis which is labeled h1 and you’re also going to put that there’s no relationship between Red Bull and performance and that would be h0 the null hypothesis we can talk more about that in class uniqueness of design you’re going to want to be sure that you express how this is not just a repeat of someone else’s experiment we’re going to talk about why this is significant why should we care about this particular experiment list your materials give us step by step procedure address any safety or ethical considerations that you might have in the experiment provide a photo that you annotate so you’re going to take a photograph of what the experimental setup looks like so if you’re doing the Red Bull thing you may take a photograph of the different amounts of Red Bull with a treadmill in the background and you’re going to label that that photograph you’re going to need to include a blank data table to show that you thought about how you’re going to record the data that you collect during the experiment you’re going to mention these two things briefly but they really come into play later you’re going to talk about why I’m sorry but not why but what type of statistics you’re going to use to analyze your data and you’re not actually carrying out statistical analysis at this point you’re just saying this data will be best analyzed with a t-test or with chi-squared analysis and you’re going to explain why that would be graphs you’re going to talk about what type of graph you’re going to use in your expression of your data so you’re going to say this type the data that will be collected in this experiment will be best expressed with a line graph or with a bar graph etc all right I know that’s a lot to throw at you in this last video the notes are really long so this is definitely something that we can set up a meeting in class to talk about in small groups