The owner of the dog must take the dog driving test within three months of taking up the dog.

The owner of the dog must take the dog driving test within three months of taking up the dog.

The owner of the dog must take the dog driving test within three months of taking up the dog.

  • Bull terrier
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • Mastino Napoletano
  • Mastin Espanol
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • Mastiff, Bullmastiff
  • Tosa Inu
  • Pit bull terrier
  • rottweiler
  • Dogo Argentino (Argentine Mastiff)

Until the successful completion of the dog driving test, dogs of the breeds mentioned must wear a muzzle in public places © apa / dpa / Uwe Zucchi An American Staffordshire Terrier with a muzzle

List dogs in Lower Austria

In Lower Austria, the dog owner must notify the municipality in which the dog is kept or should be kept immediately that a “list dog” is kept.

  • Bull terrier
  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Pit bull
  • Bandog
  • rottweiler
  • Tosa Inu

These dogs must always be muzzled and leashed in the following places: In public places in the local area. In public transport, schools, childcare facilities, parks, shopping centers, leisure and amusement parks, staircases and entrances to apartment buildings and in shared parts of residential complexes

List dogs in Burgenland

In Burgenland there are no special requirements for keeping dogs of certain breeds.

List dogs in Styria

In Styria there are no special requirements for keeping dogs of certain breeds. However, all owners of dogs, regardless of their breed, have to provide proof of dog knowledge. This obligation only applies to people who only acquire or have acquired a dog after January 1st, 2013.

List dogs in Salzburg

In Salzburg there are no special requirements for keeping dogs of certain breeds. However, if it turns out that a certain dog, regardless of its breed, is “dangerous”, certain requirements must be met. A dog is “dangerous”, for example, if it has been proven to have bitten.

Dangerous dogs may only be kept if this has been approved by the municipality.

Requirements for the permit to keep a dangerous dog:

  • Legal capacity of the dog owner
  • The dog owner has the necessary reliability and personal suitability
  • The dog owner has the necessary expertise to keep a dangerous dog (this is given, among other things, if theoretical and practical training with the involvement of the dog has been completed by an approved person)
  • Proof of the dog’s social tolerance through a character test
  • Identification of the dog
  • Conclusion of liability insurance to cover the damage caused by the dog

List dogs in Carinthia

In Carinthia there are no special requirements for keeping dogs of certain breeds. However, vicious dogs must be muzzle and leash in public places.

List dogs in Tyrol

In Tyrol there are no special requirements for keeping dogs of certain breeds. If a dog, regardless of its breed, injures an animal or a person, the owner will be asked by the authorities in writing to show the dog to an official veterinarian.https 123

If a dog, regardless of its breed, has been judged by the official veterinarian to be “abnormal”, the authorities must impose a muzzle and / or leash on it.

Certain people can be prohibited from keeping dogs judged as “suspicious”, e.g .:

  • People who lead a dog judged as “conspicuous” in public without a muzzle or a leash despite an order from the municipality
  • People who leave the “suspicious” dog to someone who does not adhere to the muzzle or leash obligation
  • Alcohol or addicts
  • People who have been repeatedly convicted of violations of animal welfare and / or hunting regulations
  • Persons who willfully e.g. have committed a violence-related crime

List dogs in Upper Austria

In Upper Austria there are no special requirements for keeping dogs of certain breeds. When registering a dog, regardless of its breed, a three-hour course must be completed in order to prove expertise.

List dogs in Vorarlberg

The keeping of a list dog in Vorarlberg requires a permit. Listed dogs in Vorarlberg are:

© Patrick Pleul dpa / lbn / apa Puppies of the dog breed Rhodesian Ridgebacks

  • Bull terrier
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • Mastino Napoletano
  • Mastin Espanol
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • Argentine mastiff
  • Mastiff
  • Bullmastiff
  • Tosa Inu
  • Bordeaux mastiff
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Ridgeback
  • Bandog
  • Pit bull terrier

In individual cases and in the case of listed dogs, a muzzle, leash obligation and / or safekeeping requirements are prescribed by means of a notice.

You can find more detailed information and links to “list dogs” in the respective federal states

here

.

Is it dangerous to keep “attack dogs”?

There is no general answer to this question. But what can be said: Even if a dog breed is classified as potentially dangerous, this does not automatically mean that these dogs will become aggressive in the course of their lives. Rather, the owner is particularly challenged here. Each breed of dog has its own unique challenge, traits and skills.

It is mainly up to the dog owner which characteristics of the dog are required and encouraged.

10 questions for a “fighting dog” owner

I want a “fighting dog” – what should I pay attention to in advance?

Are you flirting with buying a “fighting dog” or have you lost your heart to such a breed at the animal shelter? Then there are a few things to think about in advance:

  • As the owner, you should ensure that no one is endangered by your dog by keeping him safe.
  • In some federal states you are obliged to report the acquisition of a “fighting dog”.
  • Going on vacation with your dog? In this case it’s not that easy. Some countries prohibit the entry of certain “attack dog” breeds.
  • You will need to invest a lot of time, patience, and money in training such a dog.

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Overweight is at

Dogs

As common as it is in humans and can lead to health problems in the long run. What to do?

According to the Institute for Animal Nutrition, Nutritional Damage and Dietetics at the University of Leipzig, around 40 percent of the

dogs

and cats rated as overweight. “It is assumed that nowadays dogs and cats living in households are about 20 to 30 percent more overweight than 50 years ago,” said Cornelia Rückert, who works at the institute.

Also interesting: tips for a successful dog training

Obesity also increases the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular and joint diseases in animals. We explain when you can talk about obesity in dogs, what causes this obesity can have and reveal how you can bring your four-legged friend back to a healthy weight.

Realize: is my dog ​​overweight?

In the case of dogs, one speaks of overweight if the dog deviates by more than 10% from its normal weight. If it deviates by more than 20% from its weight typical for the breed, one speaks of obesity (obesity).

© News

How do I weigh my dog ​​correctly?

The easiest way: have your dog weighed regularly at the veterinarian’s office. If you want to weigh the dog at home, the easiest way is with one

Pet crate*

. Put the dog in the box and place it on the scales. The weight minus the weight of the box is the weight of the dog.

Feeling overweight

If you don’t have scales for your dog, you have to rely on your sense of touch. To make an estimate, it is sufficient to feel the dog’s ribs. If you can feel them directly on the side of the chest with light pressure, it is not too thick. If there is a layer of fat on top, the dog should lose weight. If the ribs can no longer be felt, the dog is obese.

Causes of Obesity

If the dog eats more calories than it consumes over a longer period of time, this excess energy is converted into body fat and excess weight develops. The causes of obesity can be varied:

  • Too little movement
  • too many dog ​​treats
  • too large meals
  • too substantial snacks
  • too substantial dog food

Consequences of being overweight

The extra pounds not only look unhealthy, no, they can also make you sick.

  • Being overweight puts a strain on the joints
  • Weakens the defense
  • Weakens lung and diaphragm function
  • The susceptibility to diseases, tumors or allergies increases
  • diabetes
  • high blood pressure
  • lower quality of life
  • lower life expectancy

Action: Dog Diet – How Does It Work?

Dog diets should be accompanied by a veterinarian, especially if they are very overweight. A visit to the vet is also recommended to rule out possible diseases. For example, an underactive thyroid or an overactive adrenal gland can cause obesity. For this reason, have the dog checked out beforehand! If there is no illness, here are a few tips to shed the excess kilos:

  • Exercise, exercise, exercise Exercise is the be-all and end-all. Make sure that your dog enjoys being active and that it is often active. Regular games and long walks are effective energy consumers that have a positive effect on body weight.
  • Learn to say “no” your dog will thank you later. If he asks too much dog food or dog biscuits, say “no” one time too often.
  • Reduction in food the daily energy intake should be realistically checked and reduced. The veterinarian can give a realistic assessment here.
  • The right food Eat a conscious and low-calorie diet.
  • Eating food in a playful way. Feeding through search games? A good idea to encourage the dog to exercise more. Scatter dry food in the garden or hide the treats in the apartment. Your dog moves as it searches and also strains its nose.
  • The number one priority Stay consistent and stick to the diet plan recommended by the veterinarian

A sniffing carpet for dogs *

animates the dog and makes the search for food a challenge

Affiliate links / advertising links The links marked with an asterisk (*) are so-called affiliate links. If you click on such an affiliate link and shop via this link, we will receive a commission from the online shop or provider concerned. For you the price doesn’t change.

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What an adult

dogs

applies – that they need species-appropriate feed tailored to their specific needs – applies even more to young animals. Just like human children in the growth phase, they need nutrients and building blocks, vitamins and minerals in larger quantities and in a different composition than adult conspecifics for their development.

Feed composition

The composition of the right feed is not always easy, even for adult animals. So are

dogs

– As we all know – not pure carnivores, but prey animal-eaters and require around a third to a half of plant-based feed. Their wild ancestors got these extra nutrients by eating the stomach / intestinal contents of their prey.

Attention:

These 9 things are toxic to your dog!

The right moment to feed the puppies

The start of supplementary feeding depends on the amount of milk the bitch has and the number of puppies. From the end of the 3rd week, puppies need additional food, from the beginning of the 3rd week they can take food from shallow bowls. In general, from the behavior of the puppies (increased restlessness, constant desire to suckle, annoyance of the mother and interest in her food, etc.) it can be seen when supplementary feeding has to be started.

Trixie 25282 Puppy Bowl, Stainless Steel *

Nobby puppy food ring stainless steel *

No-no

Early withdrawal and removal from littermates before the 4th to 6th week can lead to behavioral disorders. Puppies that have no human contact until they are 10 weeks old can become pets that are difficult to train. Therefore, human contact at the age of 4 to 10 weeks is of paramount importance.

The right feed

Highly digestible, well-tolerated and tasty feedstuffs, which are initially offered in liquid-pulpy form, are suitable as supplementary feed. For this purpose, milk replacers (specially tailored to the composition of the dog’s milk) and special finished products for puppy rearing can be used. Dry food must first be mixed with liquid (puppy milk or water).

Special ready-to-eat puppy / young dog foods do not require any additional nutrients, minerals (such as calcium) or vitamins, as all the necessary nutrients are optimally contained in such products and additional supplementation would disturb this balance. A warning should be given against the uncritical application of minerals and vitamins, as overdosing with calcium, vitamins A and D are relatively common and lead to lasting damage.

You will find an overview of a wide variety of puppy foods *

here

.

Supplementary feed

The first feed is offered at a temperature of 35 – 37 ° C. If the puppy is not interested in it, you dab something on its snout or put it on the bowl. Feed intake is learned by licking the front extremities and the others will follow suit.